งานวิจัย : รูปแบบการใช้ภูมิปัญญาท้องถิ่นในการจัดการเรียนการสอนระดับประถมศึกษา
โดย : ผู้ช่วยศาสตราจารย์พรพิมล ชูสอน
Title : A Study Model of The Application of Local Wisdom for
Elementary Education in Khon Kaen Province
Researchers : Assis. Prof. Pornpimon Chusorn
Assis. Prof. Tanapan Thanee
Assis. Prof. Somwang Nillapan
Miss Janya Boonmeprasert
Mr Prayuth Chusorn
Office : Khonkaen University
Date : 2002
The objectives of this study were: 1) to study condition of the application of local wisdom for Elementary Education in Khon Kaen province, and 2) to present the appropriate model with application of curriculum development in Elementary Education in the Province Region. The sample were 290 Elementary Education Teachers in Khon Kaen Province during 2001 academic year by Simple Random Sampling. Data were analyzed by using SPSS/Pc computer program. The personnel variables were analyzed and many variables were tested regarding to learning and teaching condition, problem and need by using following statistics: Percentage, Mean, and Standard Deviation. Besides, sequence of data from the open ended questionnaire according to frequency sequence and congruency.
The research findings were as follows:
1.The teachers applied local wisdom in their learning and teaching for the overall and each aspect in Moderate level. It also found that most of local wisdom applying in the classroom was in recreation and rest aspect. For the second rank, it was custom, traditional and cultural aspect, literature and language aspect, lifestyle, living, and science aspect. The local wisdom was applied in learning and teaching only a few: Art and Archaeology aspect.
2.The appropriate model in applying local wisdom in curriculum and learning and teaching development in Elementary Education were: 1) governmental and private sectors had to cooperate in promoting learning and teaching of community so that people in community could find out the cause of problem, analyze problem and identify guideline to solve problem in community, and apply the existing local wisdom as a tool of determining approach and direction of development, 2) the Educational Institute and organization in community had to cooperate and support creativity of leaders and villager philosophers in managing curriculum and learning process in order to improve quality of life of their community and search for experience of villager philosophers to enter learning process both formal and informal to be useful for the learners as well as solving problem of community, 3) temple or church had to be as center of local wisdom development, learning source, learning process development of the learners both formal and informal as well as solving problem of community, 4) the Educational Institute Administrators had to lead their local Education, motivate, encourage the family and community to be aware, and collaborate in learning process both school curricular activity and extra curricular activity focusing on applying local wisdom and local philosopher to teach in school, and 5) for the teachers role, they had to study their community as well as information and select villager science combining with local wisdom emphasizing local wisdom application in being lecturer or advisor, and managing a variety of learning and teaching techniques without holding on books only.