งานวิจัย : วัฒนธรรมทางการเมืองแบบประชาธิปไตยของครูสังคมศึกษา ระดับมัธยมศึกษา
DEMOCRATIC POLITICAL CULTURE OF SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL EDUCATION IN KHON KAEN PROVINCE
The purpose of the present study was to investigate democratic political culture of social studies teachers and their need to find learning resources and means of promoting their own knowledge and perception of democratic politics and government. The present researcher used the ideas relating to the three aspects of democratic political culture as a frame within which a questionnaire was developed, i.e. 1) ideas relating to the government and the machinery of government, 2) ideas relating to persons and things in the political system and 3) the respondents' own political activities. The sample group consisted of 214 social studies teachers in the secondary schools under the Department of General Education, Khon Kaen Province during the second semester of the 1998 academic year. The 214 samples were selected by multi-stage sampling from within these schools. The tool used for the collection of data was a rating scale type of questionnaire, developed by the present researcher herself, to elicit the respondents' opinions regarding democratic political culture. The questionnaire was so designed as to have a correlation coefficient of 0.75. Analysis of data was done by means of an SPSS/PC+ computer program to find the percentage, standard deviation and one-way analysis of variance. Furthermore, the Scheffe's method of multiple comparison was also applied to the analysis of data.
The findings :
1. The social studies teachers showed a "high" level of democratic political culture on all of the three aspects. When the teachers were categorized according to their levels of education, teaching experience and school sizes, it was found that each group of the teachers still showed a "high" level of democratic political culture.
2. The social studies teachers with different level of education and teaching
experience and from different school sizes showed no significant difference in their democratic political culture.
3. The social studies teachers wanted to utilize learning resources and various
means of promoting their own political knowledge and perception in the following order of significance : Firstly, to study from documents or books on their own; secondly, to receive regularly the information in the form of circulation from organizations that disseminate and develop political knowledge and perception among the people and thirdly, to participate in a short-term training workshop occasionally.